|至急、翻訳お願いします！Graphite(named by Abraham Gottlob Werner in 1789,from the Greek 〇〇:"to draw/write",for its use in pencils)is one of the most common allotropes of carbon.
Unlike diamond,graphite is a conductor,and can be used,for instance,as the material in the electrodes of an electrical arc lamp.
Graphite holds the distinction of being the most stable form of solid carbon ever disconvered.
Graphite is able to conduct electricity due to the unpaired fourth electron in each carbon atom.
this unpaired 4th electron forms delocalized planes above and below the plains of the carbon atom.
These electrons are free to move,so are able to conduct electricity.
However,the electricity is only conducted within the plain of the layers.